Brent; Harms, P. To the extent that these areas are larger in males than in females, a male advantage is predicted in a the tendency to rely on spatial representations for solving mathematical problems, b intuitive knowledge of certain features of geometry, and c ease of learning mathematics when it is presented in a spatial format.
Described briefly, the classifiers tested were:. As modern societies have become more egalitarian again it may be that innate sex differences are no longer constrained and hence manifest more fully than in less developed cultures.
New Scientist. Ali, S. Moreover, a male advantage in engineering and science tasks that involve object manipulation or generating complex 3-D images is predicted, as is a male advantage for integrating mathematical knowledge into spatially based science and engineering tasks, to the extent the intraparietal and adjacent regions are engaged with these tasks.
Individual differences in the relative strength of verbal, mathematical, and quantitative abilities that are identified at an early age can predict differences in developmental trajectories and occupational pursuits Achter et al. A comparative assessment of classification methods. When making career choices, highly gifted individuals consider their own pattern of abilities and not whether they have the absolute level of ability needed to pursue a career in a demanding field of study.
In their first article on the topic, Benbow and Stanley observed sex differences in mathematical reasoning ability among 9, intellectually talented to year-olds who had taken the SATseveral years before the typical age. Skip to main content.
Coleman Ed. Neuropsychologia, 15— For instance, evolutionary psychologists claim that males are more aggressive than females because they can gain greater access to females by competing violently with other males.
Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 4— But just because male domination may be in some sense natural for our species does not make it necessary.
Greater bilateral activation for language tasks was reported in females. Kotsiantis, S. With respect to the sex differences in math and science, there are two predictions that highlight the potential utility of an evolutionary perspective.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.